Vintage Photochroms of Rome c. 1890

Vintage Photochroms of Rome c. 1890
International Photography Grant 2019

Photochrom, also called the Aäc process, is a process for producing colorized images from black-and-white photographic negatives via the direct photographic transfer of a negative onto lithographic printing plates. The process is a photographic variant of chromolithography, a broader term that refers to color lithography in general.

Rome is the capital of Italy and of the Lazio region. In 1861 Rome was declared capital of Italy even though it was still under the Pope’s control. During the 1860s, the last vestiges of the Papal States were under French protection, thanks to the foreign policy of Napoleon III. It was only when this was lifted in 1870, owing to the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, that Italian troops were able to capture Rome entering the city through a breach near Porta Pia. Afterwards, Pope Pius IX declared himself as prisoner in the Vatican, and in 1871 the capital of Italy was finally moved from Florence to Rome.

Piazza di Minerva. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

The Spanish Steps. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

The Piazza del Popolo. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

A view from the Palatine. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

A view from the Palace of the Caesars. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

The Fountain of Trevi. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

Inside St. Paul’s. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

The Acqua Felice fountain. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

A view of the Forum. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

The Forum Romano. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

Outside the Coliseum. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

Inside the Coliseum. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

The Coliseum and Meta Sudans. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

The Temple of Saturn and Triumphal Arch of Septimus Severus. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

The bridge and castle of St. Angelo. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

Vesta’s Temple. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

The Triumphal Arch of Titus. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

St. Peter’s Place. Rome c. 1890. via Library of Congress

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International Photography Grant 2019